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Frquently Asked Questions

  • What is Fidyah ?
    Fidyah is paid when someone is unable to fast during the month of Ramadhan due to medical condition. Note: Fidya is primarily for those who are suffering from long term illness or unable to fast due to old age, and are not able to make up the fasts after Ramadan. Fidyah must be paid for each Fast missed.
  • What is Sadaqah?
    Sadaqah is the term used to describe a voluntary act of charity that is wide-reaching, for example a form of monetary charity or an act of kindness that can be performed in any amount, at any time of the year. The Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) emphasised the benefits of giving Sadaqah in a number of sayings: "Sadaqah extinguishes sin as water extinguishes fire." Tirmidhi Therefore, any act of kindness or support extended to other beings (including animals) for the sake of Allah (SWT), can be considered a Sadaqah or charity.
  • How much is Fidyah for Ramadhan 2023?
    The Fidyah amount for each missed fast is to feed 2 x meals to a poor person per missed fast. This equates to £4.25 per day. Therefore, if you are unable to fast for the full duration of the month of Ramadhan, then the total Fidyah you must pay is 30 x £4.25 = £127.50.
  • Examples of Sadaqah?
    It can be everything from an act of kindness to a monetary donation. For example, Sadaqah can be a voluntary donation, helping someone in need, giving a smile, or it can even be removing a harmful object from your path. Aqiqah, Fidya and Kaffarah are also examples of Sadaqah. Some further examples include: Donating money to someone in need Making food for others Teaching Qur’an Smiling at others Watering a plant Taking care of an animal Removing something harmful from someone’s path
  • What is Ramadan?
    Ramadan is the ninth month in the Islamic (hijri) calendar and one of the holiest periods of worship for Muslims. The month of Ramadan marks the period in which the holy Qur’an was first revealed to the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). Importantly, it’s also the month in which Muslims practice one of the five pillars of Islam, Sawm, or fasting. Fasting the month of Ramadan is obligatory for every Muslim who has passed the age of puberty and is in good health. During this precious month, the reward for a Muslim’s good deeds are multiplied, and all are encouraged to strengthen their relationship with Allah, give Sadaqah, pay their Sadaqatul Fitr (Fitrana) and ask for forgiveness.
  • How much is Kaffarah?
    To atone for the missed or intentionally broken fast, a person must fast continuously for 60 days per fast. If they are unable to do that, then they have to feed 60 poor people for each missed or intentionally broken fast. As a result, this amounts to £255 kaffarah for each missed / intentionally broken fast at a rate of £4.25 x 60 people.
  • When to pay Fidyah?
    You are required to pay Fidyah before you miss a fast or before the commencement of Ramadhan if you know you are going to be unable to Fast for the whole month.
  • What is Sadaqatul Fitr (Fitrana)?
    Sadaqatul Fitr, also known as 'Fitrana', is the compulsory charity paid by every Muslim before Eid prayer, before the end of the month of Ramadan, for the love of Allah. It is a way for Muslims to give thanks that they were able to complete the month of fasting. It is mentioned in a hadith that "The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) ordained Sadaqatul Fitr to purify the fasting person from indecent words or actions, and to provide food for the needy. It is accepted as Zakaat for the person who gives it before the Eid prayer; but it is a mere Sadaqah for the one who gives it after the prayer." (Abu Dawud and Ibn Majah) Any Muslim who has food in excess of their needs must pay Sadaqatul Fitr (Fitrana). Unlike Zakat, it is a duty on everyone in your household. Therefore, the head of the household, or parents and guardians, can pay on behalf of other members of the family.
  • Why is Laylatul Qadr called the Night of Power?
    Laylatul Qadr or the Night of Power is described as such to illustrate the significance of what the night entails for human kind. Allah says about the purpose of this night: ”Ha, Meem. By the clear Book, Indeed, We sent it down during a blessed night. Indeed, We were to warn [mankind]. On that night every precise matter – Every matter [proceeding] from Us. Indeed, We were to send (a messenger).” Qur’an 44:1-5
  • Signs of Laylatul Qadr
    Only Allah has knowledge of Laylatul Qadr. However, to determine its presence we are directed towards some signs. Two of the most authentic signs of Laylatul Qadr are: The sun rises early in the morning without rays. Ubayy, (may Allah be pleased with him) said: “The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “On the morning following Laylatul-Qadr, the sun rises without any rays, as if it were a brass dish, until it rises up.” (Muslim) It is a pleasant and calm. Ibn ‘Abbaas (may Allah be pleased with him), said: “Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him), said: “Laylatul-Qadr is calm and pleasant, neither hot nor cold, the sun rises on its morning being feeble and red.” (Ibn Khuzaimah) Try your best to catch Laylatul Qadr (the Night of Power) by focusing on Ibadah (worship) this Ramadan more than ever before! Therefore, by consistently making Du’a to catch it, it may be that Allah allows you to witness this precious and powerful night and earn its rewards!
  • What is Zakaat ?
    Zakaat is one of the five pillars of Islam. This means that Zakaat is mandatory for Muslims, along with the other four sacred pillars of prayer (salah), fasting (sawm), pilgrimage (Hajj) and belief in Allah and His Messenger, Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) (shahadah). For every sane, adult Muslim who owns wealth over a certain amount – known as the Nisab – he or she must pay 2.5% of that wealth as Zakaat.
  • What is the Benefits of Zakaat ?
    Fulfilling the commandment of Allah (S.W.T) Strengthening our Honesty Increasing Self-Discipline Freeing ourselves from greed Cleansing our wealth Helping the poor and needy Reducing world poverty
  • When is Laylatul Qadr?
    It is a commonly held belief that Laylatul Qadr (the Night of Power) occurs on the 27th Ramadan. However, scholars of Hadith recommend focusing on the last 10 nights of Ramadan, especially the odd nights, as it is most likely to have occurred in one of these nights based on the following Hadith: It was advised by the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) to “Look for it in the odd nights of the last ten nights of the month of Ramadan.” (Bukhari) Humankind will never know the exact date of Laylatul Qadr however, and it is most likely one of the odd nights in the last ten nights of Ramadan – Allah knows best.
  • What is Laylatul Qadr – Night of Power?
    Laylatul Qadr, or the Night of Power/Decree as it is otherwise referred to, is one of the most important and sacred nights in the Islamic calendar. While the month of Ramadan is most widely known as the month that the Qur’an was first revealed to humankind, the Night of Power describes the exact night that the Qur’an was revealed.
  • What is Nisab ?
    The Nisab is the minimum amount of wealth a Muslim must possess before they become liable to pay Zakat. This amount is often referred to as the Nisab threshold. Gold and silver are the two values used to calculate the Nisab threshold. The Nisab is the value of 87.48 grams of gold or 612.36 grams of silver. Current Nisab value (22 March 2023) Using value of silver 612.36 grams = £361.72 Using value of gold 87.48 grams = £4,471.31
  • When to pay Fitrana?
    Fitrana (Zakat ul Fitr) must be paid within the month of Ramadhan. The latest it can be paid is before the Eid prayer begins so that those in need can benefit in time for Eid.
  • Do children have to pay Fitrana?
    It is compulsory for every member of a household including children and babies to pay Zakat ul Fitr (Fitrana). However, parents/guardians may pay on behalf of their children/dependents.
  • Who is eligible for Zakat?
    The wealth of information on Zakat (zakaat, zakah) is usually focused on how to pay Zakat and whether someone is eligible to pay Zakat. Above all, it is important to factor in who is eligible to receive Zakat. This forms part of the validity of your Zakat donation. Zakat is not a form of Sadaqah (voluntary charity). Unlike Zakat, anyone in need can receive Sadaqah at any time. Zakat is an obligatory form of charity. Every Muslim who meets the eligibility criterion must pay Zakat. The donations are then re-distributed to the Muslim community on an annual basis. There are eight factors that determine whether someone is eligible to receive Zakat. Therefore, separating the recipients of Zakat into eight categories of people. These include, as stipulated in the Qur’an by Allah (SWT): “Indeed, the prescribed charitable offerings are only to be given to the 1. The poor 2. The needy 3. To those who work on administering it 4. Those who have a reconciliation of heart (those who have embraced Islam or are inclined to it) 5. To free those in bondage 6. To the debt-ridden 7. For the cause of God 8. To the wayfarer This is an obligation from God. And God is all-knowing, all-wise.” Qur’an 9:60 In summary, these eight ordained categories can help you determine Zakat eligibility on a yearly basis.
  • What is Kaffarah?
    Kaffarah is paid for Fasts missed deliberately in the month of Ramadhan. Fasting in the month of Ramadhan is an obligation on all Muslims and is one of the Five Pillars of Islam, therefore to deliberately not to fast there is a penalty. The kaffarah penalty is much higher than the calculation of Fidyah.
  • How much is Fitrana?
    It is approximately £4.25 per person and should be paid for each member in the household.
  • Days of Qurbani
    The days of Qurbani are the tenth, eleventh and twelfth of Zul Hijjah. The first day is better than the second, and the second better than the last.
  • Masnoon method of Sacrifice
    It is more virtuous to slaughter the animal with one’s own hands. If one does not know how to slaughter, it is preferred that he remain present while someone else is sacrificing the animal. It is not necessary to make the niyyah (intention) of Qurbani with the tongue, however it is necessary to say “Bismillahi Allahu Akbar” when slaughtering. Use a sharp knife and slaughter the animal quickly so that it does not suffer. Do not sharpen the knife in front of the animal. After slaughtering, do not skin the animal before it becomes completely cold. Do not slaughter one animal in the presence of another. It is mustahab (desirable) for one who intends to perform Qurbani to refrain from cutting hair or clipping nails from 1st Zul Hijjah to 10th Zul Hijjah, (i.e. until after Qurbani).
  • Time for Qurbani
    In towns and cities where Jumu’ah and Eid are performed, Qurbani is not permissible before the Eid Salaah. If the Qurbani has been offered before the Eid Salaah, it will have to be repeated. Therefore, the time for Qurbani commences after ‘Eid Salaah on 1Oth Zul Hijjah until before sunset of 12th Zul Hijjah.
  • Qurbani is a practice commanded by Allah
    The first ten days of Dhul Hijjah (the 10 best days) are the most sacred days of the year, loved by Allah (SWT). As Allah tells us in the Holy Qur’an: “So turn in prayer towards your Lord and sacrifice.” (108:2) There is nothing dearer to Allah during the days of Eid al-Adha than the sacrificing of animals. The sacrificed animal shall come on the Day of judgment with its horns, hair, and hooves (to be weighed). The sacrifice is accepted by Allah before the blood reaches the ground. Therefore sacrifice with an open and happy heart. (Tirmidhi)
  • The Qurbani meat and skin
    It is permissible to eat the Qurbani meat. It can also be distributed to relatives and friends whether wealthy or poor, Muslims or non-Muslims. It is better to divide it into three parts. One for the family, one for relatives and friends and one for the poor and needy. The skin of the Qurbani animal can be kept for personal use, e.g. using it as a prayer-mat, water bag, etc. If the skin of the Qurbani animal is sold, then it is wajib to give that amount in sadaqah to the poor (i.e. those who are eligible for Zakah). It is not permissible to give meat, fat, etc. of the sacrificed animal to the butcher as his wages. The meat of the animal slaughtered by partners should be shared by weight and not by estimation. The rope, cover, etc. of the animal should be given away as sadaqah.
  • Reward of Qurbani
    The Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) was once asked by his Companions: “O Rasoolullah! (pbuh) What is Qurbani?” He replied, “It is the sunnah of your father lbrahim (AS).” They asked again, “What benefit do we get from it?” He answered, “A reward for every hair (of the sacrificed animal).” “And (what reward is there for animals with) wool, O Rasoolullah (pbuh)?” they asked. “A reward”, he said, “for every fibre of the wool.”, (Ibn Majah) When a person slaughters a Qurbani animal, he is forgiven at the fall of the first drop of blood, and verily, the animal shall be brought forward on the Day of Judgment with its blood, meat etc, and shall be increased in weight seventy times more than its own weight, and thereafter it will be placed on the scale of deeds. (Kanzul’Ummal)
  • What is Qurbani?
    Qurbani (Udhiyah) is the sacrifice of an animal performed every year during the Islamic month of Dhul Hijjah, during the days of Eid al-Adha. Muslims around the world slaughter an animal to reflect the Prophet Ibrahim’s willingness to sacrifice his son Ismail, for the sake of Allah.
  • On whom Qurbani is Wajib?
    Qurbani is wajib on every Muslim who is of sound mind, mature (who has reached the age of puberty), muqeem (i.e. he is not a Shar’ee traveller) and possesses the amount of fifty two and half totals of silver (612-36 grams) or wealth equivalent to that value which is in excess of one’s aslee (basic) needs. It is not necessary that this amount be in one’s possession for a complete lunar year. It’s possession during the three days of Qurbani will make Qurbani obligatory. Qurbani is not incumbent on a child or an insane person whether they own wealth equivalent to the amount above or not, nor is it wajib upon their guardians to perform it on their behalf. Similarly, it is not wajib on a Shar’ee traveler. NOTE: A Shar’ee traveller is he who goes on a journey with an intention of traveling forty eight miles. He will be treated as a traveller as soon as he goes out of his town. It is highly virtuous for one on whom Qurbani is not wajib to offer sacrifice for the Pleasure of Allah. He will be eligible for all the reward mentioned in the Ahadeeth. During the days of Qurbani, sadaqah and charity cannot compensate for Qurbani nor fulfil the wajib. Qurbani is a unique ibadah. Just as Zakah cannot compensate for Hajj, or Sawm (Fasting) cannot compensate for Salaat, similarly charity cannot compensate for Qurbani. However, if the days of Qurbani had passed, and the Qurbani was not offered due to not knowing, negligence or for some other valid reason, then it becomes wajib to give in sadaqah the price of Qurbani animal or the animal itself to the poor. If a traveller returned home or a person acquired the required wealth on the 12th of Zul Hijjah before sunset, it will be wajib upon him to perform Qurbani. A traveller who makes intention of staying at a certain place for fifteen days or more, no longer remains a traveller. He must offer Qurbani if he possesses the prescribed amount.
  • The following cannot be used for Qurbani
    Animals that are blind, one-eyed or has lost one-third or more of its eyesight. Animals that have lost a third of the ear or the tail. Similarly, the animal which has no ear from its very birth. Animal whose horn has been broken off from the root. Animal which has one leg lame to the extent that it walks on three legs only and is unable to use the fourth leg. Animal so lean and thin that its bones have no marrow. Animal so weak that it cannot walk to the place of slaughtering on its own. Animal completely toothless or one that has lost most of its teeth. It is virtuous to purchase the animal for Qurbani a few days prior to slaughtering and care must be taken in feeding and nursing it.
  • The Qurbani animal
    It is permissible to offer in sacrifice a goat or she-goat, sheep of all kinds, cow, bull, buffalo or camel. It is necessary that the goat is one (full) year old, whether male or female. A cow, bull or buffalo will have to be two years old, and a camel five years. Animals that are younger are not suitable for Qurbani. A sheep (of any kind) not less than six months old, so strong and fat that it appears to be one year old will suffice for Qurbani, otherwise it will have to be one (full) year old. A cow, bull, buffalo or camel will suffice for seven persons provided no one’s share is less than one seventh and the niyyah (intention) of all partners is to attain thawab (for Qurbani), and not merely to obtain meat. The Qurbani of only one person can be performed from a goat, sheep or ram. If an animal seller says that the animal has reached the required age, and outwardly there is no sign to disprove it, then it is permissible to rely on his statement. Animals that are castrated can be used for Qurbani. In fact this type of animal is preferable.
  • Qurbani on behalf of deceased
    If one has been favoured by Allah with wealth, then he should also perform Qurbani on behalf of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh), his Sahabah, his Ummah, the Prophets and for his own living or deceased relatives, friends and teachers who have conveyed Deeni knowledge. One should always remember and never overlook our beloved Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) and perform Qurbani on his behalf. Aboo Talhah (R.A) has related that the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) sacrificed one ram and while sacrificing the other he said, “This is on behalf of every one of my Ummah who believed in me and testified (to my prophethood).” (Tabrani) It is a matter for deep thought and consideration that Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) kept his Ummah in his mind while offering the sacrifice and it is deplorable for the Ummah not to remember him at the time of Qurbani.
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